Ajantha Caves in India

The Ajantha Caves located at Aurangabad district in Maharashtra were found by a group of British Military personal, in the beginning of 19th century. These world famous Buddhist caves are supposed to have been built during 1st century BC and 7th century AD. They had been carved out in the Volcanic rock of the Deccan Plateau. Of the 29 caves, five are prayer halls which they call Chaitya grihas and the others are monasteries called Viharas. In the first vihar there is a huge image of Sri Buddha sitting near bodhisattva. The idol of nagaraja in the 19th cave and the illustration of the Mahaparinirvana of Sri Buddha in the 26th cave are the most spectacular features. Images of the river Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna are also seen carved on the doors. Most of the carvings are the scenes of social life of the Indians. Several symbolic pictures are also seen in the Ajanta caves.

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