Kerala Backwater Tours


The backwaters of Kerala are a chain of the meeting of the salt ponds and lakes parallel to the coast of Arabian Sea (known as the Malabar Coast) of the state of Kerala in southern India. The network includes five large lakes linked by canals, synthetic and natural, fed 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of the state of Kerala. The backwaters were formed by wave action and support the current consoles to create the low barrier through mouths of many rivers that flow down the scale of Western Ghats.

The backwaters of Kerala are a network of interconnected canals, rivers, lakes and entrances, a labyrinth formed by over 900km of waterways, and sometimes compared to American lake. In the middle of this beautiful landscape there are a number of towns and cities, which are as start and end points of the cruise trip. Waterway in national. 3 of the Kolla Kottapuram the covers a distance of 205 km and runs almost parallel to the coast line of southern Kerala facilitating the movement of cargo and tourism of the tide.

The backwaters have a unique ecosystem - freshwater from rivers meets the seawater of the Arabian Sea. In certain areas, such as the Vembanad Kayal, where a dam was built near Kumarakom, salt water from the sea is prevented from incorporating the interior deep, keeping the fresh water intact. This fresh water is used extensively for purposes of irrigation.

Many unique species of aquatic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water birds such as tern, Martin Pescatore, darters and cormorants, and animals such as otters and turtles live and the next tide. The palm trees, the bushes of the pandanus, the various leafy plants and bushes grow alongside the backwaters, providing a green hue to the surrounding landscape.

Vembanad Kayal is the largest lakes, covering an area of 200 square kilometers, and limited by the districts of Alappuzha (Alleppey) in Kottayam, and Ernakulam. The port of Kochi (Cochin) is located in the lake making the Arabian Sea., From Alleppey Venice of the east , has a large network of canals that meander through the city. Vembanad lake is the longest India.
Tourism

Kerala was placed among the 50 destinations of a lifetime "by National Geographic Traveler in a special collectors edition released just before the turn of the millennium.


Boats from home: The kettuvallams (a home - boats) on the back - water is one of the prominent tourist attractions in Kerala. Over 400 kettuvallams double the backwaters, 120 of them in Alappuzha.

The traditional kettuvallams were used as the grain barges, to transport the rice harvested in the fertile fields alongside the backwaters. Thatched roof tops of the bark on wood, 100 feet (30 m) in length, provided protection elements.

At some point the boats were used as living quarters for the rights. Converted to accommodate tourists, the houseboats have houses made of field fluctuations have a sleeping area, with the western-style toilets, an area for dinner and a seat outside on the platform. The majority of tourists spend the night in a boat house. The food is cooked on board by the staff of monitoring - most have a taste of Kerala. The houseboats are various patterns and can be used as per the size of the family or group to visit.

The fourth dejantar is generally open at least three sides that provide a great view of the surroundings, including other boats throughout the day that is in motion. It brought to a standstill at the time of taking the food and the night. After the sunset, the group provides boat reels of burning to drive away mosquitoes. Ketuvallams motor but is generally proceed at a slow speed for the smooth progress. All ketuvallams have a generator and most rooms are with air conditioning. Sometimes, as per the demand of customers, the electricity is turned off and the flashlights are provided to create a rural setting.

When ketuvalloms many tourists take a particular point and bring back around the same point the next morning there are some specific cruises mostly in the Alappuzha, as the night of a cruise to Alappuzha by Thotapally lake Punnamada a cruise for two nights from Alappuzha to Alumkavadi, a night cruise of the Kidangara of Alappuzha, and a night cruise of the Mankotta of Alappuzha. Many such cruises.

Beypore, located 10 kilometers south of Kozhikode in the mouth of the river Chaliyar, center is a fishing port, a port and a famous building of the boat. Beypore is a 1,500-year tradition of boatbuilding. The ability of local shipwrights and boat builders of the then widely are sought. There is a yard of the house-building in Alumkadavu in Ashtamudi Kayal near Kollar.


Ferry services: The regular ferry services connect the majority of positions on both banks of the backwaters.

Resources: Kumarakom, which was a sleepy town for years, was transformed into a busy tourist destination with luxury features on the Vembanad Kayal and backwaters.

Impact on the ecosystem: The proliferation of unregulated motorized houseboats on lakes and tidal have interests adverse to the impact of pollution from diesel engines and external engines with fragile ecosystem.

Economic significance: Connected by artificial channels, the backwaters shape the economic means of transport, and a great local business is continued by the inland. Fishing, along with the curing of fish is an important industry.

The backwaters of Kerala have been used for centuries by local people for transport, fishing and agriculture. Supported the efforts of local people to earn some livelihood. In some recent times, efforts were reinforced by agricultural reclamation of some land in the tide for the rice to grow, particularly in the area of Kuttanad. The invoice for the boat was a traditional craft, so the coconut fiber industry.

Kuttanad is decussate with waterways that run alongside fields of cushion cover, and fields of cassava, the yam and banana. A unique feature of Kuttanad is that many of these fields are below sea level and is surrounded by terraplenagens earthen. Crops are grown on land at sea level and irrigated with fresh water of the channel and waterways connected to Lake Vembanad. The area is similar to the dikes of the Netherlands where the land was reclaimed from the sea and the crops are grown.

Ecological Significance: The wetlands of the Pantanal and the Vembanad Kol Ashtamudi were included in the list of wetlands of international importance as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.


Boat Race: The vallams of Chundan of snake boats or the boats are close on 100 feet (30 m) long, with a raised prow that is 10 feet (3.0 m) the water surface and are similar to the cover of a serpent. These were traditionally used by local rulers to transport soldiers during wars of the river-brink. In modern times, spawned a new sport - theVallam Kali (boat race). Valla chundan Each accommodates about one hundred oarsmen muscle.

The boat races are occasions of great excitement and entertainment to the thousands gathered on the banks to watch and cheer. Most of these races are held in the Kuttanad region of Alappuzha.

When Jawaharlal Nehru visited Kerala in 1952, four valloms traditional chundan were receiving it. One of the snake boat race was held for him. It was printed so that when it was back to Delhi, gave back a shining silver trophy for a race boat. Even today, the trophy boat race of 1.5 kilometers of Nehru is the most prestigious. It is during the festival of the harvest in August in Lake Onamia Punnamada in Alappuzha.

Other races are distinguished by boat: a boat race of Indira Gandhi, a boat race in Champakulam Moolam, Aranmula Uthrattadi Vallamkali, Payippad Jalotsavam breed of Kalla and the boat race by boat from Kumarakom.


Kolla: Koller (earlier known as Quilon) was one of the major trade centers of the ancient world, eulogised by travelers such as Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo. It is also the starting point for the inland waterways of the oil. The Ashtamudi Kayal, known as the backwaters shift, covers approximately 30 percent of Kollar.

The 8 hours of walking the ship of the Kolla cruise to Alappuzha is the longest trip in Kerala and are delicious with Lotus and water lilies all around. The strong history of Thangasseri Kollar is next, which is a located north of 71 miles of Thiruvananathapuram.

Alappuzha: The region of Kuttanad and Vembanad Kayal next, Alappuzha (earlier known as Alleppy) attracts tourists throughout the year. The channels in the area of crossover evoke comparisons with Venice, but the differences are substantial. Each has an identity of its own. Among the notable sights is the palm of Pathiramanal covered console in Vembanad Kayal, an hour by boat from Alappuzha. The place is famous for the snake boat races and also has a number of historic colonial buildings and a beautiful beach.

Kuttanad: Kuttanad is the region of a large area of partly reclaimed land, covered with fields of pillow berylline, separated by dikes. The water level is several feet higher than the level of surrounding land. It is an amazing labyrinth of waterways scintillating form of lakes, canals, the rivers and rivulets. Lined with dense tropical vegetables, offers a glance into the life styles of rural Kerala. Kuttanad is a paradise of the trip and an ideal destination for a cruise trip in the Kerala. You can drift along in a houseboat and enjoy the scenic view of the field of Kerala.

The village of Kumarakom is a small number of consoles in the Vembanad Kayal, and is part of the Kuttanad region. Kumarakom is enthrallingly beautiful. The blue in Vembanad Kayal backwaters and the amazing masks the green of vegetation, alloys with the tranquility of the place to make it an idyllic destination of the holiday. Many resources also offer Ayurvedic treatment. When Kuttanad is ideal for a cruise of the boat house, the resources are the main charm in Kumarakonam. One can also take a trip on the boat Kumaramonam that is located 15 km west of Kottayam. The bird sanctuary and the museum.

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