History of Ooty - The Hill Station

As Ooty or Udagamandalam (a Tamil version of the original name) described right queen of hill stations of by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, now spread over an area of 36 square kilometers with a number of tall buildings cluttering its slopes to the mountain . It is situated at a height of 2240 meters above sea level. Ooty still procession of people all over India and foreign countries to the right with the summer and sometimes in the winter months too. An added attraction for tourists to Udagamandalam is the mountain train journey on a trail of ratchet and pinion to start of Kallas, near Mettupalayam and wends its way through many dreadful curves and tunnels and chugs along beside the fearsome ravines completely deep green of the vegetation of streams and the gurgle of tea gardens.

The scenario because unfolds during the trip is exciting, impressive and fantastic. One can notice a marvelous change in vegetation, as one goes from the Coonoor Kallas. In Kallas is tropical and in the following Burliar-bar - dMettupalayam proceed as a stop-it is subtropical. Near Coonoor, it is wet with pine, blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus of) and the cypress trees. While we in Ooty to Gudalur, the change in vegetation is striking. What splendid interaction between climate and vegetation! It is therefore very appropriate that the assembly Stuart called the whole road leading to the Ooty, Mettupalayam of a long botanical debauch.

This beautiful botanical paradise was first brought to the public eye by John Sullivan, Collector of the district of Coimbatore in 1819. But before this in 1812, the first Englishmen who were issued above the Nilgris the collector of Coimbatore, were Mr. Key, assistant topographer of income, and his assistant, McMahon. They made their way through the Dananayakan Kottai village Aracad and existing Denad and penetrated us to Kallatti, the lower level of Ooty north, but never set their eyes on us in that beautiful valley setting Ooty. Once the keys 'visit there were no further expedition until 1818 when JCWhish and NWKindersly (Asst. and second Asst. To the Collector of Coimbatore respectively) was above the route of Dananayakan Kottai-Denad, crossed the plateau in a towards the southwest and down the passage of Sundapatti of Manjakombai Bhavan of the valley and then went back to Coimbatore. The purpose of his visit is not known.

In March 1819, John Sullivan obtained Rs 1,100 (rupees those days not to be compared with the current rupiah) plate of income to make a path of Breier above Sirumugai a lot of Kotagiri and its neighboring town, Dhimatti. The work was performed by McPherson in a period of 2 years that begin in 1821. This was the only route from Coimbatore to Nilgris until 1832, when the first of the ghat road to Coonoor was laid, thanks to the governor then, SR Lushington, who got the work done by master Lehardy and Murray. The metalled road of ghat of current Kallas to Coonoor, a distance of 25 km that had 14 of the hook bend of hair and a slope of a 18 ft, which facilitated carriage traffic from Madras to Ooty, was built mainly by the law of Colonel GV in 1871. It is gratifying to note that the cascade of the Coonoor river near Wenlock bridge on the Coonoor-Mettupalayam road named after the law, continues to carry the same name.

The Coonoor-Mettupalayam road was extended to Udagamandalam, covering a distance of approximately 15 kilometers. The Kotagiri-Mettupalayam road (about 34 kilometers in length) which was 8 ft wide to begin with, was extended to 17 ft in 1872-75 with a slope of one in 17 by Dist. Coordinator, Morant RE and transferred to the main board of the district in 1881. During the period from 1819 to 1830, John Sullivan 's contribution to was, to put aside the route to Ooty, which built the first house called Stone House in this place. This gave way to the core functions of government. More by their own expense, conducted experiments on agricultural and horticultural crops and livestock to meet the crops and breeds the most appropriate animals Milch for future settlers. Next to the magnificent job of putting the road to Ooty, the British got, around 1880, the extraordinary task of connecting Mettupalayam to Ooty by rail. A Swiss coordinator, a M. Riggenback Morant and a main road to Kotagiri fame prepared an estimate of 1.32.000 pounds (money) putting the railway rack and fluctuated from a company called the railroad to Rigi & Co Ltd. Since capital was not next, Mr. Richard Wolley of Coonoor came forward to front the money provided that the contract would be entrusted to Mr. Wolley by the government of Chennai.

The agreement between the 2 was signed in 1886, and the company called Nilgri Road & Iron Company be entered with a capital of Rs 25 Lakhs. The work on the line was started in August 1891 by Lord Wenlock, regulatory or Madras, but the company was liquidated in 1894. Later, a new company was given shape in 1894, and the work was completed in 1899. The line was worked by the railway from Madras, to begin with. Although the Nilgris made part of the district of Coimbatore, was separated into an independent district in 1868. For a period of 13 years in 1830, remained part of Malabar district. This was to prevent tobacco smuggling from Coimbatore. By John Sullivan 'sa number of days of this date, more than 170 years rolled by. Udagamandalam considered a sanatorium and hill resort of the Europeans, came to be like any other district. The devastation was such that a ban on fresh construction was imposed tardiva government.

Ooty Tours

Ooty is the capital town of the district of nilgiri. I would say that the climate in ooty is pleasant and is a great place for leisure tours. There are many places you can tour, such as the Botanical Gardens, Lamb's rock and Dodabetta Peak, Ooty Lake, Kodanadu's View Point, and also weekend trips like: Madumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Kotagiri, Kalhatty Waterfalls, Dolphin's Nose, Avalanche, Coonnoor, on tours to Ooty India.

Some of the tourist attractions of Ooty are Ooty Lake which was was built for providing an irrigation tank to the people of this region, Botanical Garden situated on the lower slopes of the Dodabetta peak and Kalhatty Falls which is located about 113 kilometers away from ooty.

Ooty is on the narrow gauge railway, connected to Mettupalayam (47 km), which is directly connected to Coimbatore and Chennai. The famous toy train connects Ooty with Mettupalayam and Coonoor. A good network of roads and national highways connect Ooty with all major towns and cities. There are regular bus services to and from Coimbatore, Trichy, Bangalore, Madurai, Kanyakumari, Mysore, Palghat, Calicut, Tirupati and other important destinations in South India. Ooty is also well connected with major cities of Kerala and Karnataka. Coimbatore, 105 km from Ooty, is the nearest airport.

You can opt for an ooty tour to enjoy this beautiful destination of charming hills and pleasant climate. I think it is during summer vacation most people are visiting this place. Ooty is also a honeymooners paradise in south India.

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