India Buddhist Pilgrim Centres

Nalanda

Place the ruins of the monastic university of Nalanda, the university accredited to be the oldest in the world. Established first in the century BC, alcangou the zenith of his fame and glory at the beginning of the 9th century. At the same time, had about 3,000 teachers and philosophers, attracting students from countries such as Faraway Java, Sumatra, Korea, Japan and China. The coveted admission and only two of ten scholars who applied were admitted. In the century Hiuen Tsang, Chinese traveler, spent twelve years here as a student and a teacher. The Buddha came to Nalanda often. Two of his main disciple, Sariputra and Maudgalyayana, came from the vicinity of Nalanda. Today, Nalanda is a place of cultural heritage in the world of UNESCO.

Patna

Today the capital of the state of Bihar, is known as Pataligram on days where the Buddha visited. Situated on the banks of the Ganga, was a district of prosperity in the life of Buddha 's in with the traffic of the river that provides endless opportunities for trade. The monarch of Magadha moved their capital here (from Rajgir neighbor) in the century BC, and this saw Pataligram flourish in Pataliputra, which alcangou its zenith under two major dynasties, the Maurya and Gupta. During the reign of Emperor Ashoka, was the focus of the Buddha 's the message of peace and non-violence, piety and love, were widely scattered and distant. The third Buddhist Council was held here.

Patna is well connected by air, by rail and by road to Calcutta, to Delhi, to Mumbai and Varanasi. Visit the museum in Patna, established by the British in 1917, to house more than 50,000 rare and ancient and valuable objects of art, including narrative panels and sculptures of the stone figures of Buddha and Bodhisattva. The view here is the most winning the coffin of the holy relic containing the ashes of the sacred Buddha, unearthed in Vaishali.


Rajgir


The meandering river Banganga and five hills ensconce picturesque Rajgir, ancient Rajagriha (literally, the home of kings). During the life of the Buddha this was the capital of the powerful kingdom of Magadhan, ruled by King Bimbisara virtuous. The surrounding hills and the caves were home to many spiritual teachers, and many others in search of truth, Prince Siddhartha before this city came to seek the path of salvation after having renounced his real legacy. Later, as the Buddha, visited often to Rajagriha back in monsastery of Jivakamaravana and preach and meditate on the mountain of Gridhakuta, where over the lotus Sutra (which promise the salvation for all beings) and the Prajnaparamita or Perfection of Wisdom Sutra. Rajagriha it sank into oblivion when the king of Magadha decided to move its capital to Pataliputra (modern Patna).

Rajgir is also sacred to Jains as Lord Mahavir, the 2nd Tirthankara, negotiated and studied here. Rajgir is connected to Patna, to Delhi and Kolkata. Vishwas visit the Shanti Stupa - built by the sect of Nipponza Myohoji for Japan which is one summit of the mountain where Buddha meditated and preached.

Rumtek & Pemagyantse

Nestled in the lap of Himalaya, the Indian northeastern state of Sikkim is famous for its monastic ceremonies gompas and fascinating.

Rumtek is the seat of his Holiness, the XVI th Gyawla Karmapa, the head of the Kagyu order of Tibetan Buddhism in KARMAS. In the 28th and 29th day of the twelfth lunar month (July) the dance of the powerful man who is run by monks wear grotesque masks and colorful outfits, culminating in a ritual dismemberment of an effigy that symbolizes evil.

The monastery in Pemagyantse, at a height of 2085 meters, is the place where the arrow shot by Padmasambhava (Guru Rinpoche) who seeks a place to meditate, grounded. In its latest move, the monastery houses a structure of wood, crafted intricate, describing the Guru Rinpoche 'home of the s. The annual festival of the powerful man is held in February.

Lumbini

The forest of Lumbini, the holy place of Lord Buddha 's the birth of today is a small village in Nepal, 27 kms from Sonauli in the Indo-Nepal border.

Varanasi

Also known as Benaras and Kashi, Varanasi, one of the oldest living cities in the world, is more associated with Hinduism (the Hindus 'the most holy city). But more than twenty five centuries ago, the Buddha traveled 200kms from Bodh Gaya to Varanasi seeking five Hindu ascetics, the elderly companions to whom he had broken, because they insisted that the only path to salvation was to the self-mortification. He found them, gave them the gift of their newly acquired spiritual knowledge, and have become their first followers, and the first members of the Sangha. When Varanasi is a holy city, is also a center for music and craft. The major Hindustan classical musicians like Ustad Bismillah Khan, Pandit Ravi Shankar, and Siddeshwari Devi, came of these tracks. The weavers of Varanasi have been creating exquisite silks and brocades for centuries.

Bodhgaya

Bodh Gaya (since Uruvela of town) is where, 2500 years ago, a new ascetic, Siddhartha, sitting under the Bodhi tree of (BO) and juror get up only to achieve the supreme knowledge. His search finally ended at dawn on Vaisakha Poornima, the day in April-May's full moon. Reach the lighting, which was known as Buddha, and was found on the Buddhism, one of the world 'of the older religions of s. As the spiritual home of Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is a magnet for believers of the world. The complex of the Mahabodhi temple, now a World Heritage site of UNESCO, houses all the major points of the pilgrimage. A flight of steps leads to the inner courtyard with a beautiful Toran begging of granite (transition). The famous temple of Mahabodhi, which is at the center of the complex was restored and rebuilt over the centuries. A large circular stone with the footprints of Buddha 's to be kept in a small shrine on the left. The Vajrasana (throne) of diamond, a rectangular slab of polished red sandstone covered with a canopy of gold, is maintained in the exact point where Buddha is believed to have sat when he reached enlightenment. It is covered by a descendant of the original Bodhi tree under which Buddha reached enlightenment.

Bodh Gaya is quite an international city. About the years Buddhists of different countries (Burma or Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Japan, Tibet, China, Thailand, Bhutan) built temples, stupas, monasteries, houses and centers of meditation in its own particular architectural styles. A good stay visit Bodh Gaya is Buddha Jayanti, which commemorates the anniversary of Buddha 'of birth of s.

Each year, the Kalachakra ceremony to be held in Bodh Gaya for about ten days. It is presided over by his Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama, spiritual and temporal head of Tibetan Buddhists. It is believed that if one attends this ceremony at least once in a life one will achieve the salvation.

Sarnath

Sarnath, only 10 kms from Varanasi, holy city of Hindus, is where the Buddha founded the Sangha with his five fellow seniors as their first disciple. It was in the deer park at Sarnath that the Buddha gave his first significant sermons on the way average, the four noble truths and the eightfold path. Sarnath gained eminence during the reign of Emperor Ashoka. Meanwhile in the 1st century Varanasi and Sarnath faced the attack of the Muslim invasion. After Qutbuddin Aibak 's attack in 1194, the monastery of prosperity in the configuration of Sarnath in ruins, and the few monks who survived, fujidas. Sarnath never got up again. Its ruins still carries the presence of the great teacher.


Amravati


Kushinagar or Kushinara as the capital of the Malla republic was then known, is where Buddha chose to make their Mahaparinirvana or exit end of the earth. He was 80. It was here, entombing the relics of the Buddha, the architectural form of the Stupa was created. Today, Kushinagar is identified with the modern village of Kasia, 51 kms from the city of Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Visit the temple of Mahaparinirvana (nshrines of that and a giant statue of 6 meters in length of the Buddha in the position of reclinação), the sanctuary of Rambhar Stupa (built at the point where the Buddha is believed to have been incinerated), and Mathakuar (built the point where the Buddha delivered his last sermon).


Ladakh


Since the independent kingdom of Ladakh, in the state of Jammu & Kashmir is a land of passage, a high-altitude desert. Ladakh has a number of palaces and ancient Buddhist monasteries of the summit, including those in Hemis (tangkha which is the largest in India), Stok (with a rare collection of paintings), Spituk (with a collection of ancient masks), Shankar ( with innumerable statues of pure gold), Thikse (one of the finest examples of architecture of Ladakh) and Alchi (with thousands of tiny pictures of the Buddha). The region is one of the best living traditions of Tibetan Buddhism in the world today.

Monastery of Taboo

Set in beautiful isolated valley in Spite of Himachal Pradesh, Taboo has over 1000 years old, making it the Buddhist enclave continuously operating the oldest in India. The 9 temples here, known for its mural paintings and statues real sizes, Taboo is one of the art collections of the most significant Tibetan Buddhist world. A small community of monks resides here.

Nagarjunakonda

One of India 'of local Buddhists s of the richest and perhaps the least known, Nagarjunakonda, named after the monk who founded the Mahayana Buddhism, is now almost entirely under the Nagarjunasagar dam, touted as the world 'the Weir's largest masonry of s. Approximately 1,700 years ago, the jungles here lusts protect a flourishing city, Vijayapuri, the capital of the kingdom of Ikshvaku and a main center of Buddhist learning. The numerous monasteries dotted the region. There was also a Buddhist university. The surplus excavated Buddhist civilization found at the site were reconstructed and preserved with meticulous care in Nagarjunakonda, a museum of original console located on a hill that lifted the middle of the lake Nagarjuna. Buddhist Vihara, the museum houses a collection of console of extraordinary relics of Buddhist art and culture. The exhibits include a famous tooth and a small earring accredited to have belonged to Buddha.

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